The Oud Perfume Revolution

We chart the rise of oud (agarwood) to its current much vaunted status.

The cultural revolution of Oud as a fragrance, over the past decades, has seen it transform from a beloved and sacred scent admired in the Middle East and Asia, into one of global appeal. We ask WHY?

While oud has been used for thousands of years as a personal perfume in Middle Eastern society, its international appreciation is more contemporary.

As one of the first brands to market oud to a wider international audience, Tom Ford blazed the trail for the oud revolution in 2007, when he launched his legendary Oud Wood (designed by Richard Herpin). Since then, we have seen oud grow as a firm favourite in luxury niche perfumes, now reaching through to the mainstream market. So what is the appeal?


Oud is a powerful and seductive perfume oil created in a peculiar way: it is extracted from agarwood which becomes resinous when it encounters a fungus affecting the Aquilaria tree. The result is a legendary and intriguing scent and due to its unusual origins and rarity, one of the most expensive. There can be confusion around the name, but it’s quite simple: aquilaria trees create dark resinous agarwood and the oil extracted has various names, but most fragrance houses prefer the Arabic oud or oudh.

It isn’t a scent for the faint hearted, its potency can be divisive so how and why has it become so precious and admired?


Oud is considered rare, wonderful, sacred and even erotic. It clearly has a fascinating past and elusive seductive qualities, but it isn’t for everyone. Some people find it overpowering and describe it as unpleasant, musty and mouldy with damp undertones, whilst others find it instantly intoxicating.

To discerning fragrance aficionados, oud has unique depth and an opulent aroma. It sits low in the spectrum of perfumes, lingering on the skin for longer than most and can fix other notes in place. Its woody smell is richly nuanced and complex, ranging through dark, sweet, earthy and resinous, with additional notes of warmer aromatic leather and spices.

It blends beautifully with floral notes to create rich oriental statement scents that evoke pure luxury and exclusivity.


Perfumes have always been a way for an individual to express themselves, an extension of their unique personality. When confined to monochromatic business attire or conservative cultural sartorial restrictions, a bold scent offers a different way to be noticed and admired. Nothing makes a statement like oud, it always stands out in a crowd.


Oud is an undeniable luxury, lauded for its opulence. Though some baulk at its high price point (double the price of gold), the cost of Oud ensures it remains truly special and part of the reason is its rarity. To find out more about the extraction, distillation and cost of oud, read our blog on Aquilaria Oud.

Because of the price, some perfumers have turned to synthetic ouds, to create the impact without the price tag. But anyone with a keen nose will sniff out the difference. Synthetic oud has far less depth and complexity, lacking the warm woody quality that makes the aroma so unique and distinctive.


Oud has long been a symbol of wealth and luxury. Multiple cultures across Europe and Asia, reference the use of Oud in religious and sacred ceremonies. Oud is so entrenched in human history that references to the scent lie in ancient scriptures from across the globe.

Eastern culture often uses Oud during moments of prayer with the aim of getting close to God. The extremely intense smell is linked to the sacred, in fact oud is called “the wood of the Gods” in the Old Testament.

In the Bible, the sensual quote “I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes and cinnamon,” from Proverbs 7:17 refers to agarwood as ‘aloe’ (as it’s sometimes known). According to the New Testament, Nicodemus bought agarwood for the embalming of Jesus himself. The Song of Songs in the Hebrew scrolls describes King Solomon as “coming up from the desert like a column of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and incense”.

Early records trace the use of oud back to the third century, though its intense and heady aroma has been valued for millennia. The Prophet, Muhammad regularly burned agarwood during religious ceremonies for its rich scent – a tradition that remains in the Muslim world today. In ancient Vietnam, China, and Japan it was turned into a smoky incense burned by the wealthy to perfume their homes.

Buddhists also used agarwood for their most sacred prayer beads, while the Islamic world used the oil for personal perfumes. Wealthy men in ancient China even crafted their coffins from agar hardwood, so they could be with the oud scent for eternity.

Though no one revered oud more highly than King Louis XVI of France. One of his indulgences was washing his clothes in oud, and it became his signature scent.

The history and cultural importance of oud is as complex and fascinating as its aroma, so maybe the correct the question to ponder is – why did it take so long for the rest of the world succumb to the seductive power of oud?


We have a range of exquisite fragrances featuring oud including Octavian and Amber Aquilaria which showcase oud’s lavish scent and other perfumes where the blend is more subtle and supportive. Do you have any questions about oud or how we use it?

Get in touch – we’d love to help you find your perfect scent.


New discovery perfume sample set

Explore our entire collection of 20 perfumes - including our new releases: Mercurial Cashmere Persephone's Patchouli Patchouli of the Underworl

electimuss samples

Experience the spectrum of our perfume collections with our pairs sample set. Ten 1.8ml samples of: AMBER AQUILARIA  and OCTAVIAN CELESTIAL and PURITAS PERSEPHONE'S PATCHOULI


By Sofia Bardelli NEW This luxurious amber perfume is sensuous, soft and delightful with a resinous base. The sparkling and piquant t


By Christian Provenzano This bold and spicy oud rose is a powerful, rich statement scent befitting an emperor. The blend is bold, daring and refined.


By Julien Rasquinet The best Agarwood resin, as cited throughout ancient religious scriptures, is extracted from the Aquilaria tree. Its rich cognac no


By Marco Genovese Bright fresh woody floral with an amber whisper Introduced by clove and saffron, the Sandalwood, Cedar and Rosewood


By Sofia Bardelli This is a vibrant and sensual amber rich rose with fruity top notes and a resinous base. A vibrant and sensuous flor


By Sofia Bardelli This spicy oud has an intense and slightly earthy woody heart, it is illuminated with incense and amber and the cistus, vanilla tonka


By Sofia Bardelli This sparkling aromatic citrus fragrance confidently opens with bergamot and coriander underpinned by a light woody base and is elega

Electimuss roundel

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